Judiciary - How the Bulgarian Judicial system is operated.
The Judiciary is the third component within the political system. It is an autonomous power, with an independent budget.
The Judiciary is represented by the courts, the Prosecutor's Office, and the investigation authorities. Judges, assessors, prosecutors and examining magistrates are subject only to the law. Jurisdiction is performed by district and military courts. It should be performed by the Supreme Court of Causation, the Supreme Administrative Court, the Court of Appeal, but the last two are not yet established. The law makes no provisions for extraordinary courts.
The courts guarantee equality and conditions for fair competition between the sides in legal proceedings. The Chief Prosecutor exercises control and supervision over the legality of the activity of all prosecutors. The investigating authorities are incorporated in the system of judiciary power. They carry out the preliminary investigations of criminal cases.
The Supreme Legal Council has 45 members. The judges, prosecutors, and examining magistrates have immunity, as do the parliamentary deputies.
The Constitutional Court has a special place in the system of judiciary power, being the supreme arbiter of the different powers in conflicts that arise during the performance of their rights and duties, and in the relations between them.