Kavarna - Small but ancient port town on the Bulgarian Black sea coast
Kavarna is a small port town which has a broad outlet on the Black Sea to the
Eastern and Southern sides. The coast is varied and there are cliffs combined
with beaches and abrasive formations such as caves, fissures, etc. The area
lacks surface running water and irrigation is most valuable. There is a steep
cape called Kaliakra near the town, famous for the romantic legend about forty
‘maidens’ committing suicide in the name of Christianity. It is also famous for
the caves - once the habitat of the extremely rare Black Sea monk seal.
Kavarna is one of the ancient towns on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. First
it was situated nearer to the sea but after an eartquake in the 1st Century B.C.
the old town Byzone has been partly drawned into the sea and later, in Roman
times, it was rebuilt at a new location 3 km inland. During the times of the
First and Second Bulgarian Kingdom it was the administrative centre of Dobrudja.
Economy There is mechanical engineering, electrical, food and
other industrial enterprises, but agriculture has the major position in the
local economy thanks to the rich resources of fertile, arable land. The
structural specialization is mainly in grain, animal fodder and technical crops.
The main tourist centres in the nearby area are Roussalka,
Kavarna and Karvuna.
Environmental protection Places of special interest to
environmentalists are the reserve areas of Yailata, Chirakman historic site and
itself. They are famous for steppe and endemic vegetation, birds and animals.