The second biggest city in Bulgaria is situated beatifully on the two banks of the Maritsa river and on six unique syenite hills (called "tepeta"). Around the three eastern hills the Thracians established the ancient settlement of Evmolpiass, which was later called Pulpudeva. In the year 342 B.C. the town was conquered by Philip II of Macedonia and was called Philipopol. During Roman times it was given the name of Trimontium ("town on three hills"). The Slavs called it Plovdiv.
Plovdiv is divided into two parts - the old town Stariyat grad, which occupies the three eastern hills, and the lower town spread in the plain below. The modern town offers entertainment and vigorous sights but the old town best conveys the atmosphere and the culture of the city
The ancient part of the three-hill town is an architectural reserve. The Ancient Plovdiv has preserved until today the atmosphere of the Renaissance.
The modern town is a trade and culture centre. It is a combination of museums, churches, banks, hotels, cafes, restaurants, cinemas, shops, bars, bazaars, music clubs and casinos. Here rests the ruins of a Roman stadium and remnants of the Roman forum and also several mosques and original Turkish baths. The modern centre provides entertainment and rich cultural life. Classical concerts take place at the Plovdiv Philharmonic Orchestra's concert hall, here in January the Winter festival of Symphony Music is held. The Opera is near the concert hall. The Mesalitinov Theatre is the venue for classical drama, childrens shows, and modern theatre. The building of the TV and the Radio, and the biggest cinemas are situated in the modern city. In the Fair Camp different international exhibitions and expos are held all year round.